Acne Vulgaris is an inflammatory disease most commonly seen in teenagers. It affects areas where sebaceous glands are largest, most numerous, and most active. Mild cases consisting of few residual signs except possibly dilated pores, and the development of the comedo, or blackhead, may progress through more pathological stages of ruptured sebaceous ducts, pustule formation, atrophy and scarring, to more extensive lesions involving the shoulders, trunk, and upper arms. In extreme cases the inflamed nodules and infected cysts canalize and become infected sacs. Bacterial and chemical irritation of the tissues occurs, with destruction and displacement of epidermal cells, and eventually, intense scarring and deformity.
The effect of the androgenic hormones on the pilosebaceous follicular apparatus is considered to be the basic cause of acne. It is not seen in eunuchs, but it can be induced in them by adrogen therapy. Acne is so common at puberty that it may almost be considered a physiological disturbance. It affects more than 80% of teenagers.
The most important contributory factor in this condition is diet. Certain foods appear to aggravate, or induce the onset of inflammation. Chocolate, certain grains, various proteins, cola drinks, and milk have been implicated. Above all, sugar and foods heavily laden with refined sugar, processed, packaged, and chemical-containing foods are responsible for much distress during the adolescent years. Refined, devitalized foods upset the endocrine balance and produce stress.
- Cleanse the skin – The affected area needs to be cleaned twice a day to remove the heavy oils that can block your pores. Ordinary soaps and cleansers remove these heavy, greasy skin secretions poorly.
- Ensure adequate rest – A good sleep shuts down the oil production factory in the sebaceous gland, healing the skin.
- Eliminate harmful habits – When an unusual concentration of blackheads and pimples erupts in one area it is usually from rubbing, scratching, or touching the area, soiling the skin and grinding heavy skin secretions into the pores.
- Dietary – Meals heavy in fat, especially the saturated fat found in certain meats and snack foods, promote profuse skin oil production. Skin blemishes increase markedly. A diet low in saturated fat not only improves the health of the skin, it improves the health of the heart and the other organs.